Common Name: American or Northern lobster
Latin Name: Homarus americanus
Size/weight: Extreme cases: up to 40 pounds and 3 feet long
Range: Labrador to Cape Hatteras; most common from Nova Scotia to New York
Habitat: Crevices or burrows in rocky reefs and muddy bottom habitats
Diet: Fish, mollusks and other crustaceans scavenged on or near the bottom.
Predators: Sharks, cod, wolfish, goosefish, striped bass, and people with bowls of melted butter.
Description: Most common coloration is greenish brown, but genetic and other factors can produce lobsters of a wide variety of colors. Two large front claws, one for grabbing and crushing, the other for ripping and tearing. Eight legs extend from the carapace, segmented abdomen and wide tail.
Conservation Note: Lobster populations have been rebounding since a devastating die-off in Long Island Sound in 1999. But warming waters due to climate change threaten the lobster's long-term prospects in Long Island Sound.