Atlantic salmon (East Coast)
Common Name: Atlantic salmon (East Coast)
Latin Name: Salmo salar
Size/weight: Up to 4.5 feet and 80 pounds
Range: Arctic Circle to Delaware River, also some landlocked populations.
Habitat: Coastal waters, as well as freshwater rivers and lakes.
Diet: Herring, capelin, sand eels and large plankton.
Predators: Seals, sharks, pollack, tuna, skates, halibut, cod, striped bass, bluefish; humans.
Description: Long body, brownish above with silvery sides featuring black spots. Lower jaw hooked up in breeding males, who may also feature red areas on their sides. Spawns in fresh water, but spends most of its life at sea.
Conservation Note: Listed on the U.S. Endangered Species List due to overfishing, disease, interaction with hatchery populations, and dammed and polluted spawning rivers. Seafood Watch lists farmed Atlantic salmon as a seafood to Avoid, and says Alaskan wild salmon is the Best Choice.